# Use of vernier caliper in fractional inch - measuring and interpretating

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Before you go ahead with this text reading and to interact with the simulator, perhaps you may prefer to review the process to the reading, interpretation and use of the fractional inch without use of the thta is the pre requisite to its comprehension. We recomend also to check this topic: vernier scale: simulator of reading and interpretation in fractional inch resolution 1/128" .

## How to read and use one vernier scale for the reading and interpretation of the fractional inch 1/128"

We saw in the topic: Use of measures in fractional inch - comprehending and measuring without that to read one ruler or line gauge with main scale in fractional inch it is not a mistery that most people imagine.

In the topic vernier scale: simulator of reading and interpretation in fractional inch resolution 1/128" we saw how each division of the main scale represents 1/16 (one sixteen avos) of inch. We saw also that this space is divided by the vernier by eight and that the value of the measure is obtained by the sum of the integer, the fraction of the main scale is the fraction of the nonius. With the improvement brought by the practice, this sum becames automatic. However, or oito and that the measurement value is obtained by adding the whole, the fraction of the main scale and the fraction of vernier. With the improvement brought by the practice, this algebra becomes automatic. all in all, not always have time to perfect this whole thing.

I am gonna give you some tips.

We saw in the topic: Virtual inch vernier caliper - simulator in 1/128" fractional - metrology that the engeneering of the use of teh vernier is in how to identfy in which part of the distance between two marks (of 1/16") the zero of the vernier is. For example: when the zero in the vernier is in the middle of the distance between ine mark and another, for example, we sum half of 1/16" (1/16 * 1/2 = 1/32) to the measure of the main scale. The number 4 (that is half of 8) of the vernier aligned indicates this (if you didn;t understand anything is a signal that you must interact with the page above and later come back here)

In the image beside, the fifth mark of the vernier indicate that we must sum 5/128 to the measure of the main scale.

We saw an easy way to create this reasoning thta is:

• in the main scale, count the number of marks after the integer inch and before the zero of the vernier and multiply this value by 1/16 (7 marks * 1/16 = 7/16)
• see how mark of the vernier is aligned and multiply by 1/128" (5ª mark * 1/128 = 5/128)
• sum these values to the integer of the main scale, (7/16 = 14/32 = 28/64 = 56/128 + 5/128 + 1 = 1.61/128)
• Because 61 is an odd number, it is not possible to simplify.

This algebra can, in the beggining, let someone bothered and afraid to make counts. There is a way even more simple to read these measures:

Each mark of the main scale is equal to 8/128" (1/16 = 2/32 = 4/64 = 8/128 - see in the vernier one number 8 to help to to remember) so:

• in the main scale, count the number of marks after the integer inch and before of the zero of the vernier multiply this value by 8/128 (7 marks * 8/128 = 56/128)
• see which mark of the vernier is aligned and multiply by 1/128" (5ª mark * 1/128 = 5/128)
• sum these values with the integer of the main scale (56/128 + 5/128 + 1 = 1 61/128)
• to pair numerators simplify the fraction dividing the numerator as well the denominator by two until the numerator remains an odd number.

With the experience, go observing if the mark of the vernier that aligned is a pair number that we can simplify before starting the calculations, in order to facilitate even more the counts. Let's supose that the fourth mark of the vernier was aligned in the previous figure, (we can infer that the result will be equal to the measure that we calculate minus 1/128) but let's make it reading and interpretating it. Let's go:

• see which mark is aligned in the vernier and multiply by 1/128"
(4ª mark * 1/128 = 4/128)
• simplify this fraction: 4/128 = 2/64 = 1/32
(remember that is the half of 1/16")
• in the main scale, count the number of marks after the integer inch and before of teh vernier and multiply this value by 2/32
(7 marks * 2/32 = 14/32)
• sum these values to the integer of the main scale (1/32 + 14/32 + 1 = 1.15/32)

The figure 2 of the topic: vernier scale: simulator of reading and interpretation in fractional inch resolution 1/128" demystifies the fraction and, in special, the denominator that the vernier shows.

The tip is: if the denominator is:

• 32: each mark of the main scale must be multiplied by 2/32
• 64: each mark of the main scale must be multiplied by 4/64
• 128: each mark of the main scale must be multiplied by 8/128

It is also good if you memorize this list.

## Simulator: Use of vernier caliper vernier scale in fractional inch. Comprehending and measuring resolution 1/128in

#### drag and drop the inferior rectangle in the horizontal

Observe that:

• the fraction in red represent the value read in the each mark divides 1/16 by 8 = 1/128"
• the fraction in black is the value read in the main scale, each mark is equal to 1/16' or 8/128"
• the integer in black represent the integer inches
• the mixed fraction, in blue, is the sum of the indicated fraction by the with the indicated fraction in the main scale, to the integer inch indicated in the main scale, after the simplification

### That's it.

Practice your knowledge of fractional inch mensuring:

• Interacting with the: