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# Use of the Vernier Caliper – Four-Dimensional

`Use of the vernier caliper or dial caliper or digital caliper- four-dimensional`

The vernier caliper is a measurement tool equiped with one scale and a cursor that slides in itself and it was designed to take linear dimensions by contact.

The most popular type in mechanical workshops is the one equiped with nonius, but, usually, all kinds are enabled to take external, internal, depth and rebound measurements.

• To comprehend the science of the measuring with caliper, we suggest you to read and interact with the simulators on the pages:

Some caliper models are four-dimensional, this means that it can be used in four different ways in the measurement. See some examples of best practices:

## Procedure to take a measurement:

1. open (separate the contact faces) the caliper a little bit more than the object to be read;
2. put the object in the opening;
3. gently close it until there is contact between the faces and the object;
4. be sure to align in paralel, you can do that with a gentle swing movement;
5. do the reading and interpretate the measure;
6. open the caliper and take the object off;
7. place both in an adequate venue;
8. repeat the operation to confirm the measurement;

Obviously, it is necessary to adapt this procedure to each kind of measurement, for example, it is possible to move the caliper before the reading in depth or rebound measures, or to internal or external measuring. The first step is to open the instrument a little bit less than the hole to be meausured and the 6th step is to close the instrument before removing it from the hole.

### External measurement

exemple 1 – best practices of external measurement with vernier caliper

Allow the caliper to align with the object that is beeing measured. This is possible by holding them together without pressing.

Place the object close to the main scale, without touching it, example 1.

counterexemple 1 – external measurement – object very far from scale

### Internal measurement

exemple 2 – best practices of internal measurement with vernier caliper

Alow the caliper to align with the hole or rip that is being measured. This is possible by holding them together without pressing.

Place the object as close as possible to the cursor, example 3.

counterexemple 2 – internal measurement – object very far from cursor

### Depth measurement

exemple 3 depth measurement with vernier caliper

Alow the shaft to remain paralel to the hole or rip that is being measured. This is possible by holding them together without pressing.

#### Depth measurement – conical bottom hole

exemple 4 – best practices of internal measurement with vernier caliper – drill hole

If you use the groove side, the top of the shaft will keep going until it rests on the tip cone of the drill, adding a few more tenths of millimeter to the measure, example 4.

counterexemple 4 – measure of drill hole – rod measuring part of the cone

#### Depth measurement – blind hole

exemple 5 – best practices of internal measurement with vernier caliper- drill hole

To measure the depth of a blind hole, use the depth rod side with the groove, example 5. This practice avoids the measurement of the rounding of the bottom.

couneterexemple 5 – measure of blind hole – rod measuring burr

### Rebounds measurement

exemple 6 – measurement of rebounds with vernier caliper

Some caliper companies have added a very interesting characteristic, that alows the measurement of rebounds. The top of the cursor and of the main scale are coplanar. This way, it can be used with much greater accuracy than that obtained when using the depth rod, example 6.

### Use of vernier caliper – four-dimensional

##### Eduardo Stefanelli

Engenheiro por profissão, professor por vocação